Sustainable You

Sustainability and the Built Environment

Wk 2: Interview on Sustainability

Response due at the beginning of class on 8/27.

Please watch this EXCELLENT interview with Susan Globus. She is the ex-president of ASID and discusses so clearly the challenges of sustainable GlobusPicdesign. The video is 28 mins and the questions will take you some time to answer – please be sure to have the time to offer thoughtful answers.

1.  How does Susan Globus explain what is Interior Design? 

2.  Susan Globus explains how the field of ID has changed since we’ve started including sustainable principles into our practice.  Can you discuss some of the main ways she articulates the field has changed?  (i.e. research, time for research, client interaction etc..)

3.  Please define the 3 parts of sustainability “3 legged stool”?  What are the 3 parts and how will you address each part in your career?

4.  How does Susan Globus suggest you tell if a product is green or greenwashed?

5.  Please discuss something from this interview that is new information to you. Explain what you learned and why it is of interest to you.


Filed under: Sustainable Design, Weekly Assignment,

21 Responses

  1. Lila Wilson says:

    1. Susan says that interior design is creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest extent of their capabilities. She goes on to say that designers approach a project by thinking about how people use space; looking at things from the human aspect by relating how people feel and act to the space.

    2. Sustainable design has introduced a higher level of outside research into interior design. This adds to the time needed to complete projects and the resources needed to make educated choices. Sustainability has changed the client interaction because designers now need to be able to educate clients on the need for research in order to make a responsible choice, which distinguishes sustainable designers from those not practicing sustainability. Contracts are even beginning to change to include the time and funds needed to complete research on each project.

    3. The “3-legged stool” encompasses social responsibility, environmental responsibility, and supporting better human behavior. Social responsibility comes from providing jobs to suppliers and giving back to the community. This happens through understanding local culture and the economics of the community. Environmental responsibility comes from the materials you select through questions like how and where it is made. Promoting better human behavior comes from studying people using the existing space and behavioral patterns.
    In my career, in order to address each part of the “3-legged stool,” I will do the research to understand my clients and their culture and as well as hiring contractors within my community. To ensure my environment responsibility I will present the best materials to my client for sustainability. I will also observe my clients and the unique behaviors of the space instead of trying to make all the spaces fit the same mold.

    4. The first step Susan suggests is using third party verification. This means someone independent of the product is vouching for its sustainability. After this step, ASID has provided questions like where it is extracted, manufactures and how it is delivered. Susan also says to just use your best judgment to act in a responsible manner.

    5.The case study Susan described about the teenagers made me realize something I hadn’t fully understood. With the library setting, research was done before the project and they observed that the typical library design wasn’t useful to teenagers because of their behavioral patterns. This interested me and made me think more about how you can change the design of everything to work for your client instead of always having to stick to what is socially normal, like the quiet, solitary feeling of a library.

  2. Lauren Lee says:

    1. Globus believes an interior designer “sustains and supports human beings to the highest of their capabilities.” It is our job as interior designers to give the client the most functional spaces possible with equipment that supports their lifestyles and needs.

    2. According to Globus, interior design is no longer “Will the product last X number of years?”, but “who makes the products?”, “How and where is it made?”, “Does it off-gas?” etc. It is the designers responsibility to not only know products, but know which are the best for the customer and why; we are to practice responsibly. She suggests to start with third party resources to aid in research. ASID also has a list of questions which a design can ask a manufacturer to decide if the product is sustainable. Her company is even beginning to add a line to the service contacts saying that research is one of the services provided.

    3. The three legged stool of sustainability consists of three parts: social sustainability, environmental sustainability, and a high level of human behavior. The social responsibility of a designer is not only to protect the client, but to protect the industry as well. I plan on using the new green products/services which are providing not only sustainable resources, but jobs to industry workers in this unstable economy. Once I conduct my research and find the product to be “responsible,” I will tell my client in hopes of not only creating a space that is sustainable and supportive of lifestyles. As for the environmental leg, I plan on using local resources for my jobs, as well a purchasing/ using products which have been approved by respected third party research foundations. For the final leg of the stool, I will carefully design spaces for clients that suit their needs with finishes and equipment that are sustainable and beneficial to their needs.

    4. To find true “green” products, Globus suggests starting research with third party resources. ASID also has a list of questions which a design can ask a manufacturer to decide if the product is sustainable. The organization is also creating a open source reference for sustainable products. She also recommends

    5. I personally have always been interested in residential design and have not been on a commercial design project. After hearing Globus describe all of the research and planning which goes into her projects (libraries), I am completely amazed at the amount of questions which need to be presented for bubble diagrams even begin. “What are the demographics?”, “Are their any school systems near by?”, “What are the economics of the community?”, etc. After listening to all of her preparations, I believe that my personal research is just skimming the top of what really needs to be ask. I need to deepen my research on projects.

  3. Tiffany Ward says:

    1. Susan Globus defines interior design as the process of creating environments that sustain and support humans to the highest capacity. She adds that interior design is more than just about aesthetics, sustainability or any one compartmentalized concept, but there is a very real “human” factor to interior design. We need to be sure to think about how humans use space, how to keep them engaged within a space, and how to provide safety in a space.

    2. Globus explains that the old concepts of interior design mainly focused around the functionality of products—how items are going to hold up, how the item will be maintained, etc. Now that interior designers are becoming increasingly concerned about issues of sustainability, much more research need to done about proposed products in areas such as off-gassing, who and where the products were manufactured, manufacturing techniques, and carbon-footprint just to name a few.
    Globus also notes that with so much research being conducted and presented, the more we know, more have to research we have to do. She strongly encourages designers to engage in case studies and formally present their findings in an open source as an important method of research communication.
    Finally, Globus explains that research is becoming a contractual part of her design business. She provides research to her client as part of her design services. She believes that by researching and presenting the gathered information to clients, she is able to set her business apart from the rest. She explains to clients that researching is not a waste of time, and that by doing so much research to find a great design for their space, a great design is virtually guaranteed.

    3. The three-legged stool of sustainability is social conscious, environmental conscious, and support for better human behavior.
    Socially, it will be my responsibility as a designer to support the growth and development of community through production, responsibilities, and creating jobs—that may be through a range of activities from referring clients to my internship coordinator for custom drapes to help keep her in business to personally volunteering design services to a local Habitat for Humanity.
    As for the environmental aspect of interior design, I will need to be aware of how and where the products I use are produced—aim to use locally and of recycled materials just to name a few. I will need to avoid items that off-gas, are prone to growing mold, or have to be replaced frequently.
    Finally, I will need to support better for human behavior by informing my clients with accurate and complete information about the best choices available. Many times clients may not understand the full concept of sustainability, why it costs more, and how why sustainable products are more favorable overall, and it will be my job to point them into the right direction.

    4. Globus suggests two practical resources to tell if a product is greenwashed. First, she refers to lists of questions that designers can find and use to research about products. She notes that ASID and USGBC are reputable sources to find these lists. Additionally, she suggests third-party verification as a reliable resource for products that have been tested—the only problem with that is currently, many products have not been tested yet.

    5. Susan Globus mentioned the acronym USGBC in passing. At first mention, I could not associate the letters with any particular organization, so I searched about it in Google. Obviously, I realized that USGBC stands for United States Green Building Council. I went to their website and just browsed around their resources. I found that their website was actually relatively easy to navigate, and I founded that they have educational podcasts to help students learn more about sustainability. I hope to download a cast or two and listen to them while I ride bus to school next week.
    I also thought the interview’s emphasis on case studies was very interesting. I had never really thought about interior design being a field that necessitated case studies, but some of Globus’s experience with libraries and teenagers was really intriguing. I think I might like to conduct some sort of interior design research and observation to present as a case study someday.

  4. Meredith Tannehill says:

    1. Interior Designer Susan Globus bests defines the “$64,000 question” What is Interior Design? as, “creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capability.” Globus mentions that interior designers “have an approach to a project that involves thinking about how people use space.” It is the responsibility of the designer to note how people interact spatially and what kinds of engagements are made in such areas. On an eco-friendly note, Susan Globus points out that “while we are all keyed on sustainability and making environments green and sustainable” today, interior designers can bring all elements of humanly aspects into conversation when it comes to sustainable design.

    2. Susan Globus first and foremost states that even though the level of sustainability is growing in popularity the subject of sustainable design is relatively new to most clients and is just now beginning its incline up the ladder. Because there is this rise of interest for this style of design there is now an abundant need for “tremendous amounts of research that goes into the work before we [designers] specify in the materials.” Previously questions as such would be of concern: “Will it hold up?,” “Can it be maintained?,” Will it serve the best function in that specific way?”. And although these questions are still up for inquiry, issues such as these arise: “Is it off-gassing?” “Where is it manufactured?,” “Who is the manufacture?,” “Is the company using responsible employment practices?,” “Does it require chemical to maintain?,” “When the life cycle is done how will it be disposed?,” “Can it be recycled?”. All of these questions can lead to one base and this is it involves more RESEARCH. Every day new material is discovered and unveiled and it is the responsibility as the designer to be knowledgeable of such availabilities so that your clients will be better educated and you appear as a more reliable resource. Globus states that by studying new material for you clients they will say to them self, “if someone is spending time researching the best solution for my design I am going to get a great solution.” Not only does designer Susan Globus research product lines that are of interest to her sustainable design but she also research the particular project that she is working with, i.e. library. In this case before any research for the actual design occurs she “builds a body of documentation that then supports research.” This documentation includes research of the community, demographics and economics?, where schools and other institutions are?, the culture of the community?, who is likely to use the facility and how do you serve those existing users as well as how do you draw more people in? After these records and statistics are obtained the actual community in its setting can be observed to better see “behavior patterns and interactions,” traffic problems, crowded areas, and more.

    3. The “3 legged stool” Globus talks of includes 1) “Is it socially responsible”: meaning there is a network of responsibility…Are jobs provided? Are you supplying your interiors? Are communities maintained somehow with production of the materials you are building? As a designer myself it will be my responsibility to make work not only for myself but also co-interior designers. If I come across an individual who is struggling with a design issue that may not be of my expertise it is my duty to refer them to someone who is knowledgeable and a reliable source in that particular area. Being honest to clients and passing them along to the best available person I know is important to do when you know that in the long haul it would be more work for you to learn about and solve the case just so you end up with the profit. 2) “Is it environmentally responsible?”: Obviously this would mean is this item eco-friendly enough to live with? I would need to make sure that the sustainable products I use are truly green. Do they off-gas? Do they have cleaning materials that contain harsh chemicals? Do they give of any VOCs? Do they produce a lot of mold? It is important that these items are manufactured and produced locally to decrease the time travel and distance, as well as provide business for other companies in the design career (make connections). Finally, 3) “Do human beings support higher, better human behavior?”: Sustainable design is a growing interest today for many individuals but most people do not understand half of what makes a green item eco-friendly. It is my responsibility to be the educator for both myself and my clients keeping them in tune with what makes this product sustainable and why it is that it has such an elevated cost. Distributing correct and accurate information will ensure clients that I am answering thoughtfully and truthfully their questions and problems to the best of my knowledge and aim them in the right direction.

    4. Susan Globus says that this is really a difficult question but suggests two ways of determining this question. 1) Ask questions. Both ASID and USGBC have a list of questions on their website and are available to anyone…Where is the material extracted? Where is it manufactured? Where is it delivered? The other way Globus suggests, and thinks is a better approach for her, is by looking for third part verifications “meaning not verification by the manufacture or other people in that industry” (these are the first and second parties). Susan goes on to say that really it is about using your judgment to the best of your abilities because the industry and expertise is growing each day. She believes that “if everyone acts responsible to the best of their ability” that is what can be brought to the table.

    5. I was very intrigued by the information given about teenagers and the library situation. Being a teenager once and a young college student now, I know that kids travel in packs, but it is surprising to me that this would be a factor is the strategies of library administrative to ensure “teenagers behaviors are manageable and don’t interfere with other users” and a key factor in the design. Globus says often the thinking of administrators is that “we need to separate them and give them quiet activities” even though “their nature is to group together.” She goes go to say that by creating spaces that “accommodate their natural tendency to group together” and “let them have a wonderful interacting group” is important so as not to offend the teens or others around them. I have never thought that such an issue would be a part in the design of a library but it makes sense. This tells me that I need to broaden my view when it comes to finding solutions to projects and look closer for relationships that may have an adverse affect to any given task.

  5. Katherine Platzer says:

    1. Susan Globus says that this is the “64,000 question.” and she defines is as “creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities. Interior design has an important part to play in sustainability because we approach this as how people use space. We come from the human aspect of asking certain questions such as “How will people use this space?” “Will people feel secure in this space” and “Will people feel engaged in this space?”.

    2. Susan Globus says that research and communication are major factors in the change towards sustainability. Questions used to be “Will the material hold up?” “Can it be maintained?” “Will it serve the best function…?”. There is a huge amount of research that needs to be done, especially for products and materials. Questions are now, “How is it manufactured?” “Who manufactures it?” “Is the company using socially responsible work practices?” “What is the carbon footprint?”, etc.
    There is a huge amount of time that must be put into this research. But we can get help. There are 3rd party verifications. She also says that we can’t know all the questions and answers and everyone is struggling. Due to the amount of research, she says that she now writes contracts with line items for research to call out research as part of a service. This helps clients to know that they are practicing ethically. Clients understand that sustainability is new and we must explain to the client that this is needed to make a responsible decision.

    3. The 3-legged stool asks the following 3 questions: 1. Is it socially responsible? 2. Is it environmentally responsible? 3. Do human beings support higher, better human behavior?
    In order to be socially responsible, I must consider the jobs that are being provided for the materials and products that I need. I must know who is working for me and how I am getting my products. I consider this a trickle effect. All of my choices affect someone and other peoples choices affect me.
    In order to be environmentally responsible I need to know how and where products and materials were made, how these products will offgas, etc. I need to know as much as I can about every product I will use to make sure that it is not harmful to the environment. This is important when presenting them to the client so that I know exactly why I choose them.
    To support other humans for higher better behavior, I need to know who is using the space. This includes the culture and economics of the group. Background research must be done and if the project is existing, it would be beneficial to observe the current patterns of behavior. I need to do all I can to make a space that will support a better community.

    4. To determine if a product is “green” vs. “greenwashed”, Susan Globus says to look for 3rd party verification. ASID has helpful questions to ask that are posted on their website and the USGBC website is also very helpful. As a designer we need to look at where the material is extracted, delivered and manufactured. Finally she says to use your best judgment.

    5. I was very interested in the way Susan Globus talked about the linear and circular thinking. I had never thought of the different thought processes that way before. Typically the linear thinkers go from A to B and can tell you exactly how they got there. Circular thinkers on the other hand can share their thoughts about the solution but may not be able to tell you exactly how they got there. She goes on to talk about the importance of both types working on a project and the communication that must go on between them. Usually successful design projects will be a combination of both.

  6. Mhyria Miller says:

    1) Susan defines Interior Design as “creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities.” In other words, it is a designer’s job to consider how humans respond to various spaces, and design to meet their client’s needs.

    2) Interior Design has changed since we’ve started incorporating sustainable principles into our design in that it is a much longer process. It is the designer’s responsibility to research and educate their clients to the best degree possible. The intensive research usually begins with seeking un-biased, third party opinions on the matter. Questions that are often asked are, “How and where was the product manufactured”, “Does it off gas”, “Can it be maintained”, etc. The time and money that are often needed to conduct this research for the a specific project are now being considered when making up a contract.

    3) The “3-legged stool” of sustainability encompasses social conscious, environmental conscious, and support for better human behavior.
    Social responsibility comes from helping communities and developments grow by providing jobs, productions, and creating a healthy environment. I will incorporate this aspect of sustainability by hiring a designer for parts of the project that I feel are my weaknesses, providing internships, or volunteering some of my time.
    Environmental responsibility comes from gaining knowledge on how and where the materials were made. Realizing that sometimes locally made products that aren’t labeled “sustainable” may be a more environmentally friendly choice than ones that have the label but have to be transported across the world to get to you. I will be conscious of this part of design by researching and educating myself so I can implement the best sustainable designs possible.
    Lastly, I will support for better human behavior by educating my clients correctly and thoroughly on the benefits of sustainable design. With guidance, I’ll give them the opportunity to make wise decisions that are both economically and environmentally responsible.

    4) Susan highly recommends searching for third party verification, (an un-biased opinion other than the manufacturers that will assure the product sustainable). Also, she states that ASID and USGBC are reliable sources that give a list of questions that designers may use in their research. Finally, she emphasizes the importance of using your BEST JUDGMENT when it comes to researching various products.

    5) I found the library case study that Susan discussed very interesting and an aspect of design I feel more people should be aware of. The fact that a designer can change the surroundings to better suit the “target” group of people that will occupy it, is intriguing to me.

  7. Katherine Ward says:

    1. Interior design is a very wide array of jobs and functionalities. Depending on where you are in the spectrum of the field, your definition of what interior design is could be completely different from someone else’s. As a designer, and a seasoned designer at that, with tremendous amounts of exposure, Susan Globus’ definition of what interior design is, ” creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities”. She said that design plays an important role in sustainability because designers think about how people use a space, how they will feel secure in a space, and how a space engages them.

    2. Including sustainable principles in the field of interior design has demanded that the designer become more involved. Prior to this new way of thinking the major concerns and questions that a designer would ask about a product were, how it would hold up, can it be maintained, and is it functional. Now there are so many more questions to be asked: how and where is the product manufactured, are chemicals used during processing, does it produce off-gassing, how is it delivered, can it be recycled, etc. The list of questions goes on and on and is too much for any one person to cover so research now plays a huge role in design. In a profitable company, there isn’t enough time for a designer to do all the research and documentation of a product so they may turn to some help. There are several resources that can be used in the research aspect of design. Third party verifications can be used, which come from a reliable source outside of the company or the consumers. ASID also has a list of helpful questions that can act as a guide to the designer when asking the manufacturers about a product. Also, case studies are a huge source of information.

    3. The three parts of the “three-legged stool” of sustainability are: is it socially responsible, is it environmentally responsible, and do human beings support higher, better human behavior. As a designer, you will address each of these three parts individually. To determine that a design is socially responsible you must educate your client on the products you have chosen and the practices that you use and they need to know why you have chosen them. There are too many ways in determining if the design is environmentally responsible but the best way about this is to research and ask questions. To support the human aspect you must look at who uses the space and how do you serve those existing users, but then you must also determine how to bring in and attract new users into the space. To fully assess the space and the people that will use the space, you must research culturally, economically, and demographically.

    4.To even a very experienced designer such as Susan Globus, it is extremely difficult to distinguish between the green and “greenwashed” products. Again the list of questions that ASID provides for designers to ask manufacturers is a very good source. Also she says that third party verifications is a good place to start, but most of all she says to use your best judgement.

    5. There were a few other things that they touched on during the interview that my attention was drawn to, some just facts and others subjects. One of the facts that was interesting to me was that in any given space, there can be atleast 50 or more things that are off-gassing. I didn’t realize that ASID was tackling sustainable design as one of their platforms as much as they are. It was also interesting to me when they spoke about designers being sought after by business schools. It is no wonder to me that so many people are unaware of how extensive interior design is, when I, myself, am still surprised at the roles designers play sometimes. This ties in also to the amount of case studies that are done yet how many more there need to be. I liked when they were talking about academia playing a huge role in documenting information so that it may be shared in the future and applied more readily. There are two ways of thinking which are linear and circular thinking, and in order for there to be more success there needs to be an open line of communication between the two ways of thinking and they need to work together.

  8. Margaret Reid says:

    1. Although the definition of interior design is very broad, Susan Globus had a very interesting definition. She said, “creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities.” She feels that interior design is thinking about how people use a space. She considers if people would feel secure in a space and engaged. The feelings that the person using the space gets when they are using a space is very important and a designer is responsible for this.

    2. Interior design has definitely changed due to sustainable principles. Now that sustainability is so huge, it is crucial that the designer is educated when it comes to sustainable design. In order to be educated, interior designers must do a lot of research on sustainable products in order to sell these products to their clients. It is often third party verification that educates designers on products because manufacturers are not always the most reliable source. ASID also provides a list of questions that are answered when it comes to sustainable products. Sometime the research that a designer dedicates towards a project is included in their contract.

    3. The three parts of the “3 Legged Stool” are: 1. Is it socially responsible? 2. Is it environmentally responsible? and 3. Do humans support better human behavior?
    I will address social responsibility in my career through being dedicated to trustworthy to my clients as well as other companies/manufacturers I am working with. It is important to maintain these relationships in order to be socially responsible in my career.
    I will address environmental responsibility in my career through really following how sustainable a product is. I don’t want to use up any unnecessary energy. I plan on referring to third parties for verification like Globus suggests.
    Lastly, I plan on always supporting my clients needs. I am willing to work with how they live to provide a space that works best in their lifestyle. If you are not supportive of your client, the outcome will not be a successful one.

    4. Susan Globus explains that it is pretty difficult yo separate a green vs. green-washed product. She suggests again to use third party verification as well as your own judgement. It is important to be aware of where the product was extracted, manufactures and delivered.

    5. One thing that stood out to me in this interview was the answer that Susan Globus gave at the end about what to expect in the future with interior design. I have been a little skeptical myself when I think about the answer to this question because of the current economic situation. Her answering was very promising because she believes that there is a lot to be excited about with upcoming interior design. She said everyone around us in more aware of what interior designers can provide for them and she used business schools as an example. Another things I learned more about from this interview is how important third party verification really is. I have always known that it is necessary at times, but until now I might have just trusted what the manufacturer says about a product. Now I know to continue researching further to really find out all their is to know about sustainable products.

  9. Addison Ruffin says:

    1. Susan Globus defines interior design as “creating environments that sustain and support humans to the highest of their capabilities.” She goes on to say that designers must think about how people use the space and what can be done to make people feel secure and engaged within their environment.

    2. Globus talks about the was in which the interior design field has changed now that sustainability is a main concern. She says there now there is mush more research that must be done before a designer can specify products and materials. Before sustainability, the question to ask about a product was, will it last this many years? Now, the questions that must be considered include “how will it hold up?” “How will it be maintained?” “What is the carbon footprint?” “is the company using socially responsible employment practices?” etc. She suggests that the time she puts in to researching these products for her clients is an added service that other lessor designers may not provide.

    3. The three parts of the three legged stool are 1)is it socially responsible, 2)is it environmentally responsible, and 3) does it support higher, better human behavior. In my career I will address all three of these issues. I will demonstrate social responsibility by making sure my suppliers get enough business to maintain jobs and by providing internship opportunities. Also, I will support my local community by purchasing as many materials as possible from local vendors and manufacturers. I will demonstrate economic responsibility by making sure the products I specify are green and not just green washed. I will have to keep up on my research and use my design skills smartly. For instance, I will have to decide if i green material is still geener than another material is I have to have it shipped across the country or something like that. Finally, I will support higher and better human behavior by educating my clients about living in responsible sustainable ways. The knowledge I gain will be ultimately useless unless I teach others what I have learned. This way they too can go into the community and share knowledge and begin to live in healthier and better ways.

    4. There are 2 ways the Susan gives for determining if a product is green or greenwashed. First, she suggests looking at the list of questions that ASID provides for people to ask manufacturers. These questions include things such as where is it manufactured and where is the material extracted. Second, she suggest that you get third party verification. This mean that you ask someone who is not directly involved with the product and its manufacturing. Finally, she says that there are may products that still need to be tested so you must use your best judgment to determine if the product is green or greenwashed.

    5. I have always wondered what it was that made me like design and not something involving a more linear thought process and I think that Susan has finally figured it out for me. I found her description of problem solving particularly interesting. She says that designers typically like to have a problem to solve but they like to solve it by going around the problem. They then come up with a set of solutions and pick the one that best fits the issue. A linear thinker needs specific steps to take to get to the “right” answer. Her description of the two thought processes stood out to me and I now have a fresh perspective on the way the mind works.

  10. ellie christopher says:

    1. Susan said that it is the job of an interior designer to create environments that help sustain human beings in their built environments. We have to make sure that we take into consideration how they want to feel in the space and if the space makes them feel comfortable and secure. She also said that interior designers flourish when given a problem with constraints because of the way that we attack and think about the problem. We are circular thinkers who say oh wow how can i solve this problem in several different ways.
    2. According to Susan, the field of interior design has gone through a lot of changes. It requires a lot more research into the client and the project to come up with creative and responsible solutions. We have to think about the material, but more importantly we have to think about whether it off gasses, how it is manufactured, where it is manufactured, the maintenance it requires, it’s carbon footprint, how it’s disposed, can it be recycled, and so much more. She also said that there has been tremendous growth in the field and this growth will continue into the future. More and more people are educating the world on the value of our work and the time and resources that we put into making sure that they are economically friendly.
    3. The three parts of the 3 legged stool are human behavior, society, and environment. When it comes to human behavior, I will do programming and research the existing people in the space and how to bring more people into the space. I’ll study behavior patterns the location of relevant buildings such as schools, office buildings, and shopping centers. When it comes to society, we have an obligation to give clients and everyone else a chance to make an informed decision about the products and the spaces that they are going to choose and use. When it comes to the environment, I will do all the research on green products and ways to make each and every project has as little an impact on the earth as possible.
    4. Susan stated that ASID has lists of questions on its website that can help you ask the right questions about a product to make sure that it is truly green. She also said to looking for 3rd party labels that are not going to gain anything from the sale of that product is a good place to start, but next we must think about where the product was taken from, how it was manufactured, and how it was delivered. She said that using your best judgement is very important because if you do the research you’ll know what to look for in green products.
    5. I found it interesting that there were people in the field that were doing research and case studies about how people interact with their spaces. I always thought that the bulk of research in the interior design field was in historic homes and the reasons behind how and why the homes were built. I guess I was just under estimating the researchers in the field of interior design. I find it very interesting thought that these case studies are being done, and I believe that this information will come in handy for other designers who are facing similar design problems in the future. Now that I am aware of the research I think that it is very important for leaders in this field to compile research on the subject so that other people can come to know about it and not under estimate interior designers role in the built environment.

  11. Megan says:

    A couple of you have mentioned Susan Globus’s discussion of case studies. And case studies are a very common and active part of design. They provide us with a way to see projects highlights and learn from those projects. You will see on your Handout#5 you’ve been asked to provide 3 case study examples. I’ll talk about this in class on 8/27, but if you look on the top right hand side of this website you’ll see I have a Header “Case Study” and I’ve given you links to different case studies.

    In sustainability case studies are important because with each job completed we are learning as we go – so reporting what we’ve learned is helping everyone develop their sustainable design knowledge.

  12. David Estes says:

    1. Susan Globus defines interior design as “creating an environment that sustains and supports human beings to the highest of their capabilities”. Through research and observation the designed spaces should naturally flow with the clients lifestyle not create physical, social, or environmental barriers.

    2. The design field has truly changed since sustainable principals are in practice. Research is becoming a large factor when designing due to sustainability being so new and the speed that new products are hitting the market. Research is also involved in how people use space and then bringing these human elements into the realm of sustainability. When designers are researching materials it is not just the product but all aspects such as carbon foot print, how to maintain, and its life cycle are very pertinent to the selection process. Much time, energy and thought is put into the process so designers are now charging for their research. This has to happen. To give the client the best resources, space, and solution to their problems research is the only way to produce the answers. So, time to research sustainability must be charged to a designers fees. If research is not given enough time the designer is not practicing responsible. Lastly every job has its own rules and materials and “instruction book”. All of this information should be documented for others to see and take info from. These projects and their research are case studies and they are very important to the design community.

    3 1. Being socially responsibly: When you buy a product are jobs being supplied for the people making them, are the communities being supported by the manufacturing, where and how is it being made? As a designer I am able to make the choices of what products are best for which project and after research present the best sustainable options to my clients.2. Being environmentally responsible: how are the products and materials being used produced, how will they be maintained, where are they going to be shipped, what are the life cycle, and does it have an after life. These are all questions I as a designer will have to address when I research materials to make an educated decision based on environmental impact. 3. do human beings support higher better human behavior. By understanding who is using the space, who is wanted to use it, and how to draw those into the space is very important. I need to understand what will go on in the space, the clients culture, and then observe behavior and communication patterns. All of these three legs will be reached by research and observation, and then implemented in my design to produce sustainable and responsible designs for each individual client.

    4.She suggests that you look for third party verification not verification from manufactures or those in industry. It is also helpful to ask questions as: where and how was the materials extracted, manufactured, and sent and lastly think responsible and use your best judgement.

    5. I really loved her story on the library with the wild teenagers and how she as a designer was called in to transform the space into an environment that would fix their behavior problems. It was interesting how she was called to a fix a problem not even the police could fix. All of the research and observations that have gone into the case study is really fascinating to me, I would love to read the study when it is finished. I wonder what her solutions were and if they worked? As a designer I would like to do research and be a part of a case study on the behavioral elements of a project.

  13. Alice Knowlton says:

    1. How does Susan Globus explain what is Interior Design?
    Involves thinking about how people utilize spaces. There is a tremendous amount of research that goes into looking for materials before they are integrated into a design. Interior design is creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities. This means that as designers we have a responsibility to create spaces that maximize the abilities of humans, while creating an sustainable environment that provides a healthy and peaceful sense of mind.

    2. Susan Globus explains how the field of ID has changed since we’ve started including sustainable principles into our practice. Can you discuss some of the main ways she articulates the field has changed? (i.e. research, time for research, client interaction etc..)
    A lot more spending time doing research. Her team is starting to write contracts with line items for research. Bring people’s attention and awareness to the fact that certain things should be expected when working with a designer that is attempting to practice ethically and responsibly. The client must pay for the designer’s knowledge about sustainability because of all of the new research that is available every day. It is important to explain to the client that they need to make a responsible choice and that this is a service that they, as designers, are providing for them. She believes she

    3. Please define the 3 parts of sustainability “3 legged stool”? What are the 3 parts and how will you address each part in your career?
    The three parts are socially responsible, environmentally responsible, do we support higher human better behavior. The social aspect: making sure that jobs are provided for other people, communities are maintained with some type of production of the materials. The human element: Start each project with understanding who is using the space or how the client/management would like to be using the space. Study everything from the culture of those users within the community, understand the economics of the community, research what other institutions exist in the community. Understanding and noting behavior patterns, understanding demographics and who is likely to be using the space, designers must research how they want it to be used. Teenagers do everything in groups, so designing spaces that can accommodate their natural behavior of grouping together but also make them realize that other people are around them, which brings a level of courtesy.

    4. How does Susan Globus suggest you tell if a product is green or greenwashed?
    It’s difficult. There are lists of question available, such as on the ASID website. Look for third party verification, which is an independent verification unrelated to the manufacturer or people in that industry. Where is the material extracted, where is it manufactured, where is delivered? Use your best judgment- act in a responsible manner at the best of your ability.
    ASID has a commercial rich website with links to other websites, a sustainability council who are writing books about practicing sustainability and are making a big effort to make this information available to all members. USGBC has some very helpful tools. Even non members can find excellent information on the ASID website.
    As interior design matures, practitioners are understanding the need to document this knowledge and there is a call for practitioners to partner with educators so they can write case studies together, collaborating knowledge. Case studies are tremendously important to expanding everyone’s knowledge. Question is- who is going to pay for that? Possibly graduate students, to culminate academia and professional knowledge.

    5. Please discuss something from this interview that is new information to you. Explain what you learned and why it is of interest to you.
    I didn’t realize how important case studies are to the field of interior design. Without sharing knowledge and experience, the field will never be able to grow to its full potential. Globus has great faith that the field of interior design will grow in the future, especially in the U.S. With an increase in knowledge, there will also be an increase in more successful projects. Every project can be a powerhouse if each team member brings his or her expertise. I think this is a very good point, and I feel like it really relates to the project we are working on right now. Everyone may not have the same strengths and weaknesses, but pulling everyone’s efforts and strengths together can create an amazing outcome.

  14. Ashley Sellen says:

    1. Susan Globus defines interior design as being able to create different environments that will both “sustain and support humans to their highest capabilities.” It is a broad definition, but it is a good starting point when beginning a project. The designer has to be able to pull together a space while thinking about layout, flow, and overall appearance and feel of the room.

    2. Sustainability has brought on an abundance of new work for designers. The work has now become much more involved. Designers are having to put in many more hours per project just on research alone. They have to answers questions that they did not have to before such as, “How is the product manufactured?”, “Where is it manufactured?”, “What will the carbon footprint be?”, “How will it be maintained?”, “Will the maintenance include the use of chemicals?”, “How will it be diposed of and is it recyclable?”. New ideas are forming everyday, meaning there are still more questions that need to be asked when referring to sustainability. Globus notes that she has even put line items for research in her contracts. This helps the client to see that research is being done to make sure their project is as sustainable as it can be. When the client is informed of the measures being taken to make their project sustainable, they can feel more confident in the work of their designer.

    3. The “three legged stool” refers to social responsibility, environmental responsibility, and the support of higher and better human behavior. Being socially responsible simply means involving the community in the project. Make sure there are others hired to work with and let the community know their input is wanted. It is important that the community is involved because with the support of the community, the project will surely fail. Being environmentally responsible means making sure the project fits in with the community. It should blend in and not stick out “like a sore thumb.” Along with blending in, the designer should think about literally being responsible to the environment. Sustainability is always a factor, and the more sustainable the project, the better for the environment. Finally, supporting higher and better human behavior means understanding who will be using the space, or who the management wants to use the space. A study should be done of the surrounding culture so as to truly understand the target market and their natural tendencies. This is beneficial because in some places certain design elements should be taken into consideration, whereas in other places it would be irrelevant. In my career, I will address all three of these parts and take them to heart. I will try to involve the community as much as possible, especially if it is a commerical project. I will also try to completely understand the community and target market so as to design something that it truly functional. Finally, sustainability is always a factor that should be taken into consideration. I will work to make all my projects as sustainable as I can possibly get them.

    4. Globus suggests to first look for third party verifications to tell if a product is green or greenwashed. Some companies do not yet have third party verifications, so this strategy is not quite fool proof, but it is a good place to start. Next, it would be beneficial to go to ASID’s website because they have a list of questions that should be addressed when choosing products. As I stated before, new questions are being posed everyday, so the best tool you can use is your own personal judgment. Make sure to act in a responsible way and to the best of your abilities.

    5. I was interested in the research that was done about teenagers working in libraries. Being in this generation, I have never given much thought to the way we carry out research and projects. We do tend to flock in groups around computers, and now having this brought to my attention I can see where it would be bothersom to older generations. I think the idea to make separate areas for teenagers and their research is a brilliant idea that should be carried out in many other projects, not just libraries and study halls.

  15. Brooks Johnson says:

    1. Approach to a project to determine how people use space; the human interaction with a building. An interior designer must also be aware of all of the products available, and what products work best with sustainable design. Designers must take all parts of the spectrum into consideration when designing a space in order to create a livable and healthy enviroment.

    2. A lot of research is required in order to determine whether or not a material is sustainable for a building. Research has changed considerably because designer are beginning to look further than a simple product; they are beginning to question where a product is made, how it is transported, how it is cared for..etc. The research even goes as far as how the product should be disposed of after it is used. Susan says that all of the questions asked cannot be answered yet because sustainable design is a new idea that everyone is still learning about; it is important as an interior designer to make clients aware of the possibilities of sustainable design, and the effects it has on the environment.

    3. Socially responsible, environmentally responsible, and do human beings support higher and better behavior. Social part: this is the requirement at jobs are provided for, communities are maintained. Human part: how people will be using the space, how the culture affects the person, how the community affects the human. How the space was occupied prior to the building is essential in order to create the final product. Research of how these spaces are occupied helps a designer determine the space and layout required for the space. Example being whether or not teenagers should use a library space the same way that other humans should use the space. This allows deisgners to create space for teenagers to cater to their desires. Environmental part: to show how a piece of wood used in a project is researched, and what materials are best for sustainable.

    4. Look for a third part verification, not by the manufacturer, and independent verification is essential. Start asking where it is extracted, delivered, and other lists of questions should be asked. Using your best judgment is important because the knowledge is so narrow right now when dealing with whether or not a product is green and greenwashed. Remember that products try to sell you their product, so it is important to continue further research on a product in order to make a responsible decision.

    5. I never thought about products claiming to be green, and no really living up to these standards. When Susan says to use your best judgment, i think that it is an important element when dealing with sustainable design. I will not look further behind simply what a product says, and therefore conduct research that will better inform me on the products true “green” worth.


  16. Kimberly Love says:

    1. According to Globus, Interior Design is understanding “how people use space” through the “human aspect, security, and how people engage in the space.” Later, she says that Interior Design is “creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities…. Design can stimulate creativity. People can be more productive and heal quicker.”

    2. More involved, research before specifying materials. It has changed from wanting to know if the material will last to how it is manufactured. Research includes knowing about production, maintenance, and if it is recyclable. All of the research helps the designer make “responsible choices.” Practitioners use case studies to further understand how people use their space and how to make it more effective. According to Globus, the clients understand that Sustainable Design is new and growing, they understand that it takes longer to make responsible choices. The USGBC & ASID websites has resources to help designers and clients to understand sustainability and how to incorporate sustainable products into their spaces.

    3. The 3 parts of sustainability are: socially responsible, environmentally responsible, and improved human behavior. 1) A design must create a space that fits the needs of those who use them. I believe that social responsibility relates to usability, aesthetic, and even working within a budget. 2) It is very important to note that the human population in general has become focused on our impact on the environment. In order to give clients the space they want, I must choose products that parallel the need to be environmentally conscious. This means researching alternatives while still having the look they want. 3) Globus says the designer must understand who uses the space and they use it. We must note behavior patterns and interactions and compile the findings into research.

    4. Knowing which products are green and which are greenwhashed is not always straight-forward. Globus says the best way to tell if a product is green or greenwashed is if it has been verified by a 3rd party. That is the most reputable approach to know if something is green. If that is not available, researching how the product is manufactured, where it comes from, and how its shipped. There are a list of questions on the ASID website to assist with determining which products are truly green.

    5. I didn’t realize that designer’s take into account that teenagers like to do things in groups. The design of libraries intentionally gives teenagers small, quite areas to be productive. It also gives the impression that people are apart of a community and the space can support that. I’ve always been interested in how people use their space. I’m very observant and find the case study idea intriguing.

  17. Katie L Robertson says:

    1. Globus defines interior design as creating environments that are sustainable and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities. Globus also goes on in the interview to describes designers as people who look at spaces from the human aspect; will they feel safe, and comfortable in the space. She also points out that interior designers flourish as problem solvers and dealing with restraints and obstacles to work around.

    2. According to Susan, the interior design field has changed to become a job that requires much more research. They need to research products; looking into off-gassing, the way things are manufactured, the carbon footprint, maintenance of the factories, disposing of things, socially responsible practices, and recycling. Mrs. Globus also explains a case study where they needed to research social patterns, interactions of age groups, a community and demographics. She also explains that as an interior designer in the sustainable realm it is the designers job to educate the client, and research the best solutions.

    3. Globus explains that the three parts of the “3 legged stool” are: 1) is it socially responsible – does it enhance and benefit the interests of the society or community as well as the people in the organization or space; 2) environmentally responsible – do the methods and materials being used promote the growth, and betterment of the environment; 3) do human beings support higher and better human behavior – does the space allow humans to live in the best and most comfortable way so that others will feel the same.

    4. To help determine if a product is green or green-washed, Globus mentions that there is a list of questions available at ASID online that can differentiate green and green-washed. She suggest that the best was to know if a product is truly “green” is if it has third party verification. Susan also says that as a designer it is good for you yourself to look at where the material or products is extracted, manufactured, delivered, and use your best judgement. She goes on to say that another way to design sustainable is as a designer to act in a responsible manner to the best of your ability.

    5. There were a few things in the interview that I was not aware of before. I did not realize how involved ASID was with the sustainable design ideas; they have questions to ask manufacturers to make sure that their products are good for the consumer and the environment. ASID also has a sustainability counsel that is writing materials and books about sustainability. ASID is writing case studies along with educators and practitioners to share with the rest of the interior design world.

  18. David Jasper says:

    1. Globus defines explains interior design as sustaining and supporting human beings to the highest of their capabilities. She also describes how there is a human element to the design. She talks about how designers create a space by thinking about how people use a space.

    2. Globus talks about how much more research has to go into design today. It is no longer about how long a certain design or product will last but about how sustainable the product is and how environmentally conscious it is. There is a lot of research that has to be done before many of her questions can be answered. Third party verification helps in answering many of these questions but it is still a lot to handle for just one designer. Hopefully all this research can be effectively given to consumers so they can make informed sustainable decisions and not just be requesting the latest new trend.

    3. The 3-legged stool is all about being socially responsible, environmentally responsible, and supporting better human behavior. As a designer there are many ways to be responsible for all three legs of the stool. Being socially responsible means thinking about whom your design affects and not just your clients. Am I kicking out old clients to make way for a more expensive house? Where are the materials and products coming from and are the workers treated fairly? Environmental sustainability is another big one. I need to make sure the products I am getting are as responsible as I can get for the budget I have. Is it a new product? Refurbished? Did it ship from across town or across the world? What chemicals went into making it? These are just a few of the things that need to be addressed. Supporting better human behavior has to do with design that makes clients aware of their impact and providing ways to minimize that impact. This could be as simple as designing recycling bins into a client’s kitchen.

    4. Third party verification is the biggie when it comes to telling if a product is green or greenwashed. Globus recommends USGBC and ASID as starting places when researching to see. However she says that it is tough for even her to distinguish. Designers just need to be aware of what the manufacture says about the product is not always the whole truth.

    5. I thought it was cool to hear about her designing the libraries and all the research that went into that project. I have always known that designers do a lot of research into their designs. However, we usually seem to look at the human body, ergonomics, and traffic flow while her design seemed like a psych experiment. It just amazes me how much research, work, and most importantly how much attention to detail it takes to have great design.

  19. Amanda Cook says:

    1. Susan Globus states that interior design is about creating environments to the best of their abilities to sustain and support human beings.

    2. Globus states that since bringing sustainability in design, designers must think about the sustainable aspects of a product in addition to its functionality. As in “How was this product made?” instead of just “How long will this product last?” Globus also acknowledges that there is more research about materials than before. Because there is so much more information out there it takes more time to gather research and to find the best products for a project. Luckily there are third party organizations to help gather helpful information and give designers a wealth of resources. Although because there is still so much research involved Globus adds line items to her contracts for research.

    3. The three legged stool involves being socially responsible, environmentally responsible, and supporting higher and better human behavior. To be socially responsible you must use products that provide jobs which in turn maintains communities where those jobs are located. I can do this in my practice by considering the companies who make the products I buy and the jobs they create. To be environmentally responsible involves many aspects in the design process and requires you to ask the questions where it’s made, how it’s made, and what it’s made of. In my practice I can use local products and research using third party organizations to find the most environmentally responsible products. To support higher and better human behavior you should educate clients about sustainability. In design it is also important to consider who is using the space, how they want to use the space, and how else the space can be used also supports higher and better human behavior.

    4. Globus suggests using a third party verification to determine if a product is truly green. Third party sites are not independent from the industry and are therefore unbiased. She suggests asking the questions “Where is it extracted?” “Where is it manufactured?” “Where is it delivered from?” She also mentions a list of questions to use and says to use your best judgment when looking for products.

    5. Globus’ library project was very interesting to me. It was eye opening to hear about the process she used to figure out how to make the space usable. Although we all must go through the programming and planning phase it was inspirational to hear about how someone else thinks about design and the process she goes through when working out a space. I also did not realize how much research was involved in interior design and was interested in her study of the teenage dynamic.

  20. Anna Averett says:

    1.Susan Globus explains Interior Design as the relationship between humans and how they interact with a certain space and with their environment. Interior Design is a vast field that involves a level of collaboration between the designer, client, relevant manufacturers or suppliers, and any other professional included in the project. Together these groups form a cooperative team that exchanges ideas in order to find the best and most appropriate solution to any obstacle that arises. Thus, interior design seeks to solve problematic space-related issues, while creating beautiful, functional spaces. People relate to their environment, which in turn effects how they feel, so designers seek to create spaces that elevate the quality of life of the people using this space. The ultimate goal of Interior Design is to create an environment that can sustain and support human beings to the highest of their capabilities.

    2.Including sustainable principles into our practice not only brings new research and concepts, but also new questions to be answered. Finding those answers leads us right back to researching, which ultimately turns out to be a continuous process. Along with new discoveries in sustainable design come hundreds of new questions. For this reason, constant research and attention to case studies is imperative for Interior Designers who wish to be successful and surpass any obstacle that may present itself during any stage in the design process. Globus emphasizes the importance of bringing human elements into design and sustainability principles, so that the designer can better interpret what the client’s priorities and wants are. In order to do this, we as designers must now ask a vast amount of questions not only to the client, but also to the suppliers and manufacturers to ensure each is abiding by green standards and working responsibly. It is our job to know how a product is handled and treated in every stage of its fabrication from the actual making of it through the delivery methods. This is because we must ensure these companies are not harming the environment in their daily practices. Another important way the field has changed is that now, being a certified LEED designer, etc., a designer can add the research elements on the actual client-designer contract. This contract would provide the client with services from the designer to research sustainable design methods and products. With everyday, the sustainable design world knowledge is growing and growing and becoming more front-and-center in the public’s eye. For this reason, several companies and manufactures have begun releasing information on their production practices, to show how green or non-green they may be. Ultimately, the research and responsible design will differentiate the designer from more conventional designers.

    3.When designing a space, I should ask myself the following: Is my design socially responsible? …Environmentally responsible?…Does it support higher, better human behavior? In order to create a socially responsible design, I should first evaluate the surrounding community, the culture of the community, economics within the community, and the interactions between the individuals and groups that live in the area. I should study the community demographics and determine who will be using the various spaces or facilities and at what time? This will allow me to design a space that supports the tendencies of a certain demographic, so that each different one can live in harmony. Furthermore, when choosing sustainable materials and methods of construction, I must ensure the actual production process of these materials is socially responsible. Are local communities maintained with the production of materials I am using? Are jobs provided? Does the production process help the community? Susan says these types of questions are valuable because they encourage a collaborative effort between everyone from the client and designer, to the manufacturers. With sustainable design comes a network a responsibility on every level of the design and construction team. Next, I must be sure to design an environmentally responsible space. This mostly involves choosing legitimate green products that do not harm the environment during any stage of manufacturing up to the installation. Where and how is a product made? Is it locally manufactured? How big is the carbon footprint from the delivery? Will the material off-gas? Does it require chemicals to maintain it during its lifetime? Is the product recyclable? These types of questions mean lots of research is needed on each product to ensure that the client is getting the most green and environmentally responsible products they signed a contract for. These questions will allow me to quickly evaluate a product and decide how green it really is. Then I can take my research to the client and tell them about product and teach them terms that reflect sustainable design so that they are more familiar with these types of products and why they are so important to us. Finally, I need to ask myself if my design supports higher, better human behavior? The environment I create for a client should make their life easier and more comfortable. I must study the behavioral patterns and interactions between the users of a space. How can I serve the existing users of a space, and how to draw new users in? It is important to accommodate everyone’s needs, whether designing a public or private area. Once again, research, evaluating case studies of similar design situations are imperative to educate the designer and client, so that they can form new ideas and build upon previous interpretations of a space. Again, I will need to look at the social aspect of my design and create spaces that support tendencies of certain demographic. For example, the tendency of students to group together and talk should be accommodated in a public library, so other users are not disturbed.

    4.Globus says that though it is often difficult to tell right away whether a product is truly green or just “greenwashed,” you must find out as much as possible about the product and its manufacturer. Ask questions about the product such as where is the material extracted? From where is the product delivered and how? How big is the carbon footprint from the delivery? In order to provide more direct questions and guidelines about this issue, the ASID website offers a list of questions to keep in mind when purchasing a new greed product, that are available to the consumer public who want to make the responsible choice. In general, you must know every aspect of the product, including all about its making, the delivery process, and how it is thrown away? A standard trashcan or a recycling box? However, most the must definite way to decide about your product would be to get a third party verification from an independent source.

    I enjoyed learning about the process she used to design the library to accommodate any group that would potentially use the space. Globus found a solution to a problem dealing with the natural tendency of teenagers to group together and talk. Instead of just giving them quiet activities to do, Globus realized that an entire area for the teens to gather would be more beneficial, while also keeping the peace and quiet desired by other users. I did not realize just how important human interactions and even human psychology could be to a design. Also it shows how important case studies can be to give previous examples of solutions to problems and even inspire new ideas. I also thought what she said about circular thinkers versus linear thinkers was interesting. Globus says that circular thinkers are more intuitive than the linear, or analytical thinkers. Linear thinkers will have a solution and be able to tell you exactly how they got their, whereas a more intuitive thinker would not be able to do so as well. Most importantly, communication between each type of thinker is valuable to sustainable design. So, in my career, I should be sure to surround myself my different types of thinkers who can offer solutions from different perspectives to the same design problem.

  21. Laura M. says:

    1. Interior Designer approach a project in consideration to space and how people use this space they’re in. Creating environments that sustain and support human beings to the highest capabilities. Interior design involves more than the aesthetics of a built environment. Interior design now involves research about products and gathering information not only for yourself, but for your clients.

    2. We use to consider how long a material would last and today we consider how much the material off-gases, how will it be disposed of when its life cycle is finished, how the material affects the health of the client, how long will the material last, can the product be recycled, and so on. Research has changed in the sense that we bring more information to materials we use and how to use them in order to educate ourselves and the client. We use other experts advice in the field and even do our own case studies that are documented to later benefit other researchers. We look at communities as a whole and how the surrounding communities will affect the building we are designing and ways to improve the building for the community or for the client. We benefit highly on documented research of other designers and experts. ASID provides websites for help for the questions we may have. We are able to educate the client more now that we research products and materials more than ever before.

    3. Is it socially responsible, is it environmentally responsible, do we support higher better human behavior. In my career I can address these 3 factors. I can research if it is responsible to have a home in certain types of environments, what way will it benefit the children that may live in the home, how will my design affect the people living in a home, how will my design affect someone who has a handicap or disability, how will the materials I use in my design affect the clients and the clients health and the environment? Will the products I use today be disposed of properly (recycled or reused) when the lifetime of the product is over? Will the effects of these products hurt or help our environment? Will my design help encourage relaxation in a stressful environment? Will my design cause more commotion or stress or can I reduce these factors? When Susan spoke about the library initially having problems with people in the community causing trouble for the library, (the library then closed and they brought Susan in to redesign the young adult area) that was a major designing concern she had to address. Doing a case study research helped Susan address these issues in her design. She had to know how to influence good behavior in a social environment, how to delegate each space to provide all of the benefits to the people in the library. I can also use these same though processes in my designs. I can think about how to ease the client so that their environment benefits their needs better.

    4. ASID provides some questions on their website to follow and ask yourself about sustainability. ASID also provides a website for sustainability counseling and expert advise. For the most part, people should think about how far something has to travel, what it takes to make this material, what factor will the material have on the health and well being of the client, how long will the material last, and so on. If the product’s footprint outweighs the material, then the product won’t be worth using. If the product uses more energy to develop the product, then it is also not worth using. If a product uses materials that are harmful to the person or the environment, then the product is definitely not worth using. Another thought to consider is that if the product claiming to save on things like energy bills is worth the price you pay for it?

    5. How people use the space and how the management of people use the space. Understanding behavior patterns, demographics, education surrounding the community, and other factors in the community. I knew that teenagers do things in groups, but I never thought to put these ideas into a design practice. I wouldn’t have thought to consider that allergy problems would factor in sustainability and universal design. This is very important because more and more people are being affected by allergies than ever before.

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